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Virtual Reality for Mental Well-being in Older People With Physical Disabilities


Study First Submitted Date 2023-04-05
Study First Posted Date 2023-04-19
Last Update Posted Date 2023-04-19
Start Month Year February 15, 2024
Primary Completion Month Year February 14, 2025
Verification Month Year April 2023
Verification Date 2023-04-30
Last Update Posted Date 2023-04-19


Sequence: 52434269 Sequence: 52434270
Name Mental Health Wellness 1 Name Physical Disability
Downcase Name mental health wellness 1 Downcase Name physical disability

Id Information

Sequence: 40345923
Id Source org_study_id
Id Value MHI2_0071

Design Groups

Sequence: 55884980 Sequence: 55884981
Group Type Experimental Group Type No Intervention
Title Virtual reality Title Usual care
Description The investigators will administer a virtual reality experience programme to promote mental wellbeing of the participants Description The investigators will not provide any interventions to the participants.


Sequence: 52743675
Intervention Type Other
Name Virtual reality experience
Description The VR experience is launched on the participants using all-in-one VR head-mount devices. Tablet computers are used to optimize the settings by the intervention facilitators. Each session lasts for approximately one hour with 10 minutes spent on the briefing, 20 minutes spent on the VR experience, and 30 minutes spent on the post-VR group discussion. There are two sessions per week. The whole course lasts for six weeks and there are a total of 12 sessions.


Sequence: 80224396 Sequence: 80224397 Sequence: 80224398 Sequence: 80224399
Name Mental wellbeing Name Virtual reality Name Physical disability Name Older people
Downcase Name mental wellbeing Downcase Name virtual reality Downcase Name physical disability Downcase Name older people

Design Outcomes

Sequence: 178367862 Sequence: 178367863 Sequence: 178367864 Sequence: 178367865 Sequence: 178367866
Outcome Type primary Outcome Type secondary Outcome Type secondary Outcome Type secondary Outcome Type secondary
Measure Mental well-being Measure Depressive symptoms Measure Loneliness Measure Health-related quality of life Measure Perceived social support
Time Frame 6 weeks Time Frame 6 weeks Time Frame 6 weeks Time Frame 6 weeks Time Frame 6 weeks
Description The World Health Organization Five Well-being Index will be used to measure mental well-being. Description The 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire will be used to measure depressive symptoms over the past two weeks. Description The Chinese version of the 6-item De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale will be used to measure loneliness. Description The Hong Kong version of the EuroQol 5-dimensions instrument with a five-level scale will be used to measure health-related quality of life. Description The Chinese version of the Multiple Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) will be used to measure perceived social support.


Sequence: 48562811 Sequence: 48562812 Sequence: 48562813 Sequence: 48562814
Agency Class OTHER Agency Class OTHER Agency Class UNKNOWN Agency Class OTHER
Lead Or Collaborator lead Lead Or Collaborator collaborator Lead Or Collaborator collaborator Lead Or Collaborator collaborator
Name Tung Wah College Name Chinese University of Hong Kong Name Golden Age Foundation Name Pok Oi Hospital

Central Contacts

Sequence: 12077583 Sequence: 12077584
Contact Type primary Contact Type backup
Name Rick Kwan, PhD Name Fowie Ng, PhD
Phone 852-34686813 Phone 852-34686789
Email Email
Phone Extension 6813 Phone Extension 6789
Role Contact Role Contact

Design Group Interventions

Sequence: 68509068
Design Group Id 55884980
Intervention Id 52743675


Sequence: 30916066
Gender All
Minimum Age 60 Years
Maximum Age N/A
Healthy Volunteers No
Criteria Inclusion Criteria: Aged 60 years or above; LTCF residents; and Physical disability, defined as the Modified Barthel Index (MBI) score of ≤ 90 (i.e., moderately dependent or worse). Exclusion Criteria: Probably dementia, as defined by a Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) score of < 20, Severe visual impairment, as defined by a lens-corrected visual acuity score of < 6/60, Severe hearing impairment, as defined by failed whispered voice test. Bilateral upper limb paralysis, as defined by the Medical Research Council Muscle Power Scale of < 4. or Participated in any virtual reality activities in the past six months or concurrently.
Adult True
Child False
Older Adult True

Calculated Values

Sequence: 254181116
Registered In Calendar Year 2023
Were Results Reported False
Has Single Facility False
Minimum Age Num 60
Minimum Age Unit Years
Number Of Primary Outcomes To Measure 1
Number Of Secondary Outcomes To Measure 4


Sequence: 30661752
Allocation Randomized
Intervention Model Parallel Assignment
Observational Model
Primary Purpose Treatment
Time Perspective
Masking Single
Masking Description In the proposed study, only the outcome assessor will be blinded to the group labels. Participants and interventionists are impossible to be blinded in this study. The group labels will not be known to the outcome assessors and will not appear on any documents that the outcome assessors can access. The participants, family members, and staff members of the LTCF are prohibited to disclose the group labels of the participants to the outcome assessors.
Outcomes Assessor Masked True


Sequence: 4408136
Description List of approved project, Mental Health Initiative Funding Scheme Phase 2, Health Bureau, Hong Kong Government

Responsible Parties

Sequence: 29028434
Responsible Party Type Sponsor