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Aquatic Exercise and Reactive Balance

Studies

Study First Submitted Date 2021-10-14
Study First Posted Date 2021-11-04
Last Update Posted Date 2023-05-10
Start Month Year January 2024
Primary Completion Month Year September 2025
Verification Month Year May 2023
Verification Date 2023-05-31
Last Update Posted Date 2023-05-10

Detailed Descriptions

Sequence: 20841919
Description During the modified lean-and-release test, there are two possible settings: 1) the leg block is placed in front of both legs, and a safety handle is uncovered; or 2) the leg block is removed, and the safety handle is covered. The leg block and handle cover will be controlled via computer-triggered, servo motors. The testing session will be comprised of three blocks: 1) REACH (grasping a safety handle using their right hand while maintaining both feet fixed), 2) STEP (stepping forward using any leg), and 3) RANDOM (random variations of STEP and REACH).

Conditions

Sequence: 52479390 Sequence: 52479391 Sequence: 52479392 Sequence: 52479393 Sequence: 52479394 Sequence: 52479395
Name Aging Name Aged Name Accidental Falls Name Postural Balance Name Exercise Name Exercise Therapy
Downcase Name aging Downcase Name aged Downcase Name accidental falls Downcase Name postural balance Downcase Name exercise Downcase Name exercise therapy

Id Information

Sequence: 40379280
Id Source org_study_id
Id Value 12227

Design Groups

Sequence: 55935471 Sequence: 55935470
Group Type Active Comparator Group Type Experimental
Title Land Exercise group Title Aquatic Exercise group
Description Participants will engage in a single session of training consisting of 120 repetitions of a ball throwing and catching task on dry land. Description Participants will engage in a single session of training consisting of 120 repetitions of a ball throwing and catching task in water.

Interventions

Sequence: 52789173
Intervention Type Other
Name Exercise intervention
Description A ball catching and throwing exercise.

Keywords

Sequence: 80287201 Sequence: 80287202 Sequence: 80287203 Sequence: 80287204
Name Reactive balance Name Aquatic exercise Name Aquatic therapy Name Fall prevention
Downcase Name reactive balance Downcase Name aquatic exercise Downcase Name aquatic therapy Downcase Name fall prevention

Design Outcomes

Sequence: 178535260 Sequence: 178535250 Sequence: 178535251 Sequence: 178535252 Sequence: 178535253 Sequence: 178535254 Sequence: 178535255 Sequence: 178535256 Sequence: 178535257 Sequence: 178535258 Sequence: 178535259 Sequence: 178535261 Sequence: 178535262 Sequence: 178535263 Sequence: 178535264
Outcome Type primary Outcome Type primary Outcome Type primary Outcome Type primary Outcome Type primary Outcome Type primary Outcome Type primary Outcome Type primary Outcome Type primary Outcome Type primary Outcome Type primary Outcome Type primary Outcome Type primary Outcome Type primary Outcome Type primary
Measure Reaction time measures (REACH) Measure Reaction time measures (REACH) Measure Reaction time measures (STEP1) Measure Reaction time measures (STEP2) Measure Rapid response accuracy Measure Mini-Balance Evaluation Systems Test Measure Reaction time measures (REACH) Measure Reaction time measures (STEP1) Measure Reaction time measures (STEP2) Measure Rapid response accuracy Measure Mini-Balance Evaluation Systems Test Measure Reaction time measures (STEP1) Measure Reaction time measures (STEP2) Measure Rapid response accuracy Measure Mini-Balance Evaluation Systems Test
Time Frame One week after the intervention. Duration of each assessment will be 15 minutes. Time Frame Immediately before the intervention. Duration of each assessment will be 15 minutes. Time Frame Immediately before the intervention. Duration of each assessment will be 15 minutes. Time Frame Immediately before the intervention. Duration of each assessment will be 15 minutes. Time Frame Immediately before the intervention. Duration of each assessment will be 15 minutes. Time Frame Immediately before the intervention. Duration of each assessment will be 15 minutes. Time Frame Immediately after the intervention. Duration of each assessment will be 15 minutes. Time Frame Immediately after the intervention. Duration of each assessment will be 15 minutes. Time Frame Immediately after the intervention. Duration of each assessment will be 15 minutes. Time Frame Immediately after the intervention. Duration of each assessment will be 15 minutes. Time Frame Immediately after the intervention. Duration of each assessment will be 15 minutes. Time Frame One week after the intervention. Duration of each assessment will be 15 minutes. Time Frame One week after the intervention. Duration of each assessment will be 15 minutes. Time Frame One week after the intervention. Duration of each assessment will be 15 minutes. Time Frame One week after the intervention. Duration of each assessment will be 15 minutes.
Description Hand contact time during REACH following the cable release will be calculated. Description Hand contact time during REACH following the cable release will be calculated. Description Foot-off time during STEP following the cable release will be calculated. Description Foot contact time during STEP following the cable release will be calculated. Description For the RANDOM block, response accuracy, defined as the percentage of accurate responses, will be calculated. To represent a composite measure of accuracy and speed of response, rapid response accuracy will be calculated using the ratio of response accuracy to the reaction time (%/ms). Foot-off and hand contact data will be used for the calculation. Description During the REACH, STEP, and RANDOM blocks, the quality of the compensatory reactions will be scored using the Reactive Postural Control section of the Mini-Balance Evaluation Systems Test. The scores will be ranged from 0 (worst) to 2 (best). Description Hand contact time during REACH following the cable release will be calculated. Description Foot-off time during STEP following the cable release will be calculated. Description Foot contact time during STEP following the cable release will be calculated. Description For the RANDOM block, response accuracy, defined as the percentage of accurate responses, will be calculated. To represent a composite measure of accuracy and speed of response, rapid response accuracy will be calculated using the ratio of response accuracy to the reaction time (%/ms). Foot-off and hand contact data will be used for the calculation. Description During the REACH, STEP, and RANDOM blocks, the quality of the compensatory reactions will be scored using the Reactive Postural Control section of the Mini-Balance Evaluation Systems Test. The scores will be ranged from 0 (worst) to 2 (best). Description Foot-off time during STEP following the cable release will be calculated. Description Foot contact time during STEP following the cable release will be calculated. Description For the RANDOM block, response accuracy, defined as the percentage of accurate responses, will be calculated. To represent a composite measure of accuracy and speed of response, rapid response accuracy will be calculated using the ratio of response accuracy to the reaction time (%/ms). Foot-off and hand contact data will be used for the calculation. Description During the REACH, STEP, and RANDOM blocks, the quality of the compensatory reactions will be scored using the Reactive Postural Control section of the Mini-Balance Evaluation Systems Test. The scores will be ranged from 0 (worst) to 2 (best).

Sponsors

Sequence: 48605694
Agency Class OTHER
Lead Or Collaborator lead
Name Eadric Bressel

Overall Officials

Sequence: 29446928
Role Principal Investigator
Name Eadric Bressel
Affiliation Utah State University

Central Contacts

Sequence: 12087956 Sequence: 12087957
Contact Type primary Contact Type backup
Name Youngwook Kim Name Eadric Bressel
Phone 4352945504 Phone 4357977216
Email youngwook.kim@usu.edu Email eadric.bressel@usu.edu
Role Contact Role Contact

Design Group Interventions

Sequence: 68571303 Sequence: 68571304
Design Group Id 55935470 Design Group Id 55935471
Intervention Id 52789173 Intervention Id 52789173

Eligibilities

Sequence: 30942174
Gender All
Minimum Age 65 Years
Maximum Age N/A
Healthy Volunteers Accepts Healthy Volunteers
Criteria Inclusion Criteria: Ability to stand using a double-leg stance for one minute of time Ability to walk independently Normal or corrected to normal vision Normal or corrected to normal hearing based on a qualitative assessment Exclusion Criteria: Any neurological or musculoskeletal disorders that may inhibit the participation in the training and testing protocols A concussion within the past one year before the participation Any cognitive deficiencies (e.g., memory, concentration, or attention disorder) One or more 'yes' answered on the Physical Activity Readiness Questionnaire (PAR-Q) Fear of water
Adult False
Child False
Older Adult True

Calculated Values

Sequence: 254282673
Registered In Calendar Year 2021
Were Results Reported False
Has Single Facility False
Minimum Age Num 65
Minimum Age Unit Years
Number Of Primary Outcomes To Measure 15

Designs

Sequence: 30687784
Allocation Randomized
Intervention Model Parallel Assignment
Observational Model
Primary Purpose Prevention
Time Perspective
Masking Double
Subject Masked True
Outcomes Assessor Masked True

Links

Sequence: 4411457
Url https://www.jove.com/t/60688/a-modified-lean-release-technique-to-emphasize-response-inhibition
Description Related Info

Responsible Parties

Sequence: 29054521
Responsible Party Type Sponsor-Investigator
Name Eadric Bressel
Title Professor
Affiliation Utah State University

Study References

Sequence: 52388737
Pmid 32250359
Reference Type background
Citation Bolton DAE, Mansour M. A Modified Lean and Release Technique to Emphasize Response Inhibition and Action Selection in Reactive Balance. J Vis Exp. 2020 Mar 19;(157):10.3791/60688. doi: 10.3791/60688.